Missions & Missionaries
The physical manifestation of the global organization of war and peace in the 21st century.
Het Nieuwe Instituut, November 27th, 2014.
In the past decades, and increasingly after 9/11, the frontline of war moved to the city. How can architects and planners use their professional knowledge to improve people’s living environment in a rapidly changing world that is dominated by escalating unrest and armed conflicts?
In fact, out of 162 countries covered by The Institute of Economics and Peace, only 11 countries are not involved in conflict. Global coalitions are set-up under titles such as peacekeeping, conflict prevention and reconstruction missions to sustain peace and reconstruct the civil realm in conflict zones. These coalitions consist mostly of UN and NATO member states, private companies and development aid agencies.
Nowadays these missions are scaling up, occupying larger territories and reshuffling the role of the armed forces in society. After the emergence of ISIS from the ruins of Iraq and Syria, the USA announced the beginning of a new era of global coalitions calling for the increasing use of political, humanitarian, economic, law enforcement and intelligence tools to support military force. The knowledge that is developed in these missions is used by the same coalition forces to bring security and sustain peace not only in war zones, but also in the civil sphere at home. Civil protests around the world are confronted with highly militarized police forces, as we’ve seen recently in Ferguson. Additionally, the War on Terror turned us all into potential threats to peace. Advanced counter insurgency methods are deployed to intensively surveil individuals, communities, the public and the private space.
Missions & missionaries —from the "love doctrine" missions that sent missionaries around the world to help people in need, or to propagate conversion to Christianity— have always been situated at the boundaries between development and humanitarian aid and the promotion of other grand agendas.
The seminar will navigate between territories, scales and agendas —from religion, migration and economy to war, peace and diplomacy— in order to explore contemporary global missions and their meaning for architecture and planning, in particular for the re-organization of the civil space.
Missions & missionaries seminar will include presentations by Erella Grassiani [University of Amsterdam] Ethel Baraona Pohl [dpr-barcelona]; Gertjan Dijkink, [University of Amsterdam]; Joel van der Beek [Erasmus University, SIPRI and Economists for Peace and Security]; Jonas Staal [The New World Summit]; Malkit Shoshan [FAST]; Marina Otero [Studio-X NY, Columbia University]; Nora Akawi [Studio-X, Amman]; Pelin Tan [Mardin school of architecture, Turkey]; and a representative of the Dutch Ministry of Defense.
Missions & missionaries is part of Drones & Honeycombs, a long term research project by Malkit Shoshan and Het Nieuwe Instituut.